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It is a cluster of conditions, increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels. These occur together, causing an increase in your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
Having just one of these conditions does not mean you have metabolic syndrome. However, any of these conditions increase your risk of serious disease. Having more than one of these might increase your risk even more.
If you have metabolic syndrome or any of its components, immediate positive lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the development of serious health problems.
Who Typically Has Metabolic Syndrome?
People with central obesity, increased fat in the abdomen and waist, people with diabetes mellitus or a strong family history of diabetes mellitus and those with other clinical features of “insulin resistance” typically has metabolic syndrome.
Certain ethnic backgrounds are at a higher risk of developing it.
As you grow older, your risk of developing metabolic syndrome increases.
Metabolic syndrome has several causes that act together. Some of the causes can be controlled, such as overweight and obesity, an inactive lifestyle, and insulin resistance.
Some factors are uncontrollable, such as growing older. Your risk for metabolic syndrome increases with age.
Genetics such as ethnicity and family history may also play a role in causing the condition. For example, genetics can increase your risk for insulin resistance, which can lead to metabolic syndrome.
People who have metabolic syndrome often have two other conditions: excessive blood clotting and constant, low-grade inflammation throughout the body.
Conditions that may play a role in metabolic syndrome are, fatty liver (excess triglycerides and other fats in the liver), polycystic ovarian syndrome (a tendency to develop cysts on the ovaries),gallstones and breathing problems during sleep (such as sleep apnea)