It is a cluster of conditions, increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels. These occur together, causing an increase in your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
Having just one of these conditions does not mean you have metabolic syndrome. However, any of these conditions increase your risk of serious disease. Having more than one of these might increase your risk even more.
If you have metabolic syndrome or any of its components, immediate positive lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the development of serious health problems.
Who typically has metabolic syndrome?
People with central obesity, increased fat in the abdomen and waist, people with diabetes mellitus or a strong family history of diabetes mellitus and those with other clinical features of “insulin resistance” typically has metabolic syndrome.
Certain ethnic backgrounds are at a higher risk of developing it.
As you grow older, your risk of developing metabolic syndrome increases.
Metabolic syndrome has several causes that act together. Some of the causes can be controlled, such as overweight and obesity, an inactive lifestyle, and insulin resistance.
Some factors are uncontrollable, such as growing older. Your risk for metabolic syndrome increases with age.
Genetics such as ethnicity and family history may also play a role in causing the condition. For example, genetics can increase your risk for insulin resistance, which can lead to metabolic syndrome.
People who have metabolic syndrome often have two other conditions: excessive blood clotting and constant, low-grade inflammation throughout the body.
Conditions that may play a role in metabolic syndrome are, fatty liver (excess triglycerides and other fats in the liver), polycystic ovarian syndrome (a tendency to develop cysts on the ovaries),gallstones and breathing problems during sleep (such as sleep apnea)
People at greatest risk for this condition have underlying causes such as abdominal obesity (a large waistline), an inactive lifestyle and insulin resistance.
Some people are at risk because they take medicines that cause weight gain or changes in blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood sugar levels. These medicines most often are used to treat inflammation, allergies, HIV, and depression and other types of mental illness.
Groups at increased risk for metabolic syndrome include:
People who have a personal history of diabetes
People who have a sibling or parent who has diabetes
Women when compared with men
Women who have a personal history of polycystic ovarian syndrome (a tendency to develop cysts on the ovaries)
Heart Disease Risk
This condition increases your risk for coronary heart disease. Other risk factors, besides metabolic syndrome, also increase your risk for heart disease. For example, a high bad cholesterol level and smoking are major risk factors for heart disease.
Lifestyle and home remedies
A lifelong commitment to a healthy lifestyle is usually required to prevent serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. This includes being physically active, losing weight, eating healthfully, stopping smoking and managing stress
Having metabolic syndrome can increase your risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. If you do not make lifestyle changes to control your excess weight, which can lead to insulin resistance, your glucose levels will continue to increase. You then might develop diabetes.
Cardiovascular disease. High cholesterol and high blood pressure can contribute to the build-up of plaques in your arteries. These plaques can narrow and harden your arteries, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Can bariatric surgery procedures in Singapore help with metabolic syndrome?
People with metabolic syndrome and those who are morbidly obese have a 50 – 100% increased risk of dying prematurely, compared with healthy individuals, and bariatric surgery reduces this risk by up to 40%. The procedure done in Singapore does this by quickly and effectively reducing body fat and can help to prevent, improve or even resolve over forty metabolic conditions related to obesity, including heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, certain cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hypertension, joint problems and sleep apnea.