What is trauma?
Trauma refers to the injuries suffered when a person is hit by blunt force. Injuries caused by trauma may affect internal organs, bones, the brain and other soft tissues in your body. Trauma injuries can happen to any part of your body and can range from minor to major. These include cuts, fractures, shock, burns and internal injuries.
Many trauma patients experience trauma due to road accidents, stabbings, wounds caused by gun shots, falls from a high level and even physical assaults.
What is trauma surgery?
Trauma surgery is a form of surgery that treats injuries caused by an impact. It involves specialised critical care management and surgery.
What happens during trauma surgery?
A rapid assessment of the patient is performed by the trauma surgeon. This is so that the most severe injuries are prioritised.
The surgeon will determine which diagnostic tests are needed and other specialists which may be needed in evaluating the patient.
If surgery is needed, the patient will be placed under anaesthesia so he or she will not feel pain.
The trauma surgeon may perform the surgery. Other specialists such as general surgeons (to treat internal abdominal injuries), orthopedic surgeons (to treat broken bones) and vascular surgeons (to treat damage to blood vessels), and other surgeons if needed.
Once the anaesthesia wears off, you will rest in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) to recuperate.
The trauma surgeon and his team will monitor the patient during the entire course of recovery.